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Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol use disorders

dc.contributor.authorRehm, Jurgenen_US
dc.contributor.authorMathers, Colinen_US
dc.contributor.authorPatra, Jayadeepen_US
dc.contributor.authorMontarat Thavorncharoensapen_US
dc.contributor.authorYot Teerawattananonen_US
dc.contributor.authorPopova, Svetlanaen_US
dc.contributor.otherPublic health and regulatory policies, Centre for addiction and mental healthen_US
dc.contributor.otherWorld health organization,Geneva,Switzerlanden_US
dc.contributor.otherHealth Intervention and Technology Assessment Programen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-08T10:45:09Zen_US
dc.date.accessioned2557-04-15T08:41:16Z
dc.date.available2009-04-08T10:45:09Zen_US
dc.date.available2557-04-15T08:41:16Z
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11228/2310en_US
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND Alcohol consumption has been identified as an important risk factor for chronic disease and injury. METHODS Alcohol exposure and prevalence of alcohol use disorders were estimated based on reviews of the literature. After identifying other major disease categories causally linked to alcohol, attributable fractions were estimated for each such category by sex, age and WHO region, as well as for selected large countries. These attributable fractions were applied to the 2004 Global Burden of Disease estimates for burden of mortality and disease; the latter measured in disability adjusted life years (DALYs). In addition,social costs of alcohol in selected countries were compared also based on a systematic review. FINDINGS Overall, there is wide variation around the global consumption average of 6.2 litres of pure alcohol adult per capita per year. The majority of adults abstain. The net impact of alcohol consumption on health is detrimental, with an estimated 3.8% of all global deaths and 4.6% of global DALYs were attributable to alcohol. Alcohol attributable burden of disease and injury is higher in men and affects relatively young cohorts (especially related to injury). Overall, burden is closely related to average volume of alcohol consumption is stronger on the poor and marginalized. INTERPRETATION Alcohol consumption globally is one of the major avoidable risk factors, and steps for reducing alcoholattributable burden and costs should be initiated.en_US
dc.format.extent265037 bytesen_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherHealth Intervention and Technology Assessment Program (HITAP)en_US
dc.titleGlobal burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol use disordersen_US
dc.typeDocumenten_US
dc.email.authoryot@ihpp,thaigov.neten_US
dc.subject.keywordAlcoholen_US
dc.subject.keywordheavy drinking occasionsen_US
dc.subject.keywordrisk factoren_US
dc.subject.keywordburden of diseaseen_US
dc.subject.keywordmortalityen_US
dc.subject.keywordchronic diseaseen_US
dc.subject.keywordinjuryen_US
dc.subject.keywordpovertyen_US
dc.subject.keywordglobal healthen_US
.custom.citationRehm, Jurgen, Mathers, Colin, Patra, Jayadeep, Montarat Thavorncharoensap, Yot Teerawattananon and Popova, Svetlana. "Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol use disorders." 2008. <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/11228/2310">http://hdl.handle.net/11228/2310</a>.
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