Background The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic was emerged in 2020 and continue to third wave in 2021. Social measures and personal preventive measures were rolled out, which includes COVID-19 vaccine allocation and distribution strategy. This study aims to assess public adherence to personal preventive measures and perception of COVID-19 vaccine. The findings will further communicate and translate into policy recommendations.
Methodology Online survey was performed by Google Forms service and communicate through the village health volunteers channel throughout the country. Sampling method was the convenient sampling. Questionnaires were adjusted around every two week throughout the survey period from 15 February to 15 August 2021, with the total of 12 questionnaires sets. The analysis was performed by STATA software.
Results Total 422,479 respondents were included in this survey and around 79.4% was female with an average age of 46 years old. Majority of the respondents were graduated in high school or lower level (80%) and were in the argricultural field (38%). Respondents were euqlly distributed in all health regions. Wearing face mask was the highest compliance behaviour, while avoid touching face, nose, eyes and mouth received the least compliance. Overall personal protective behaviours were still high of around 91.1% in the 1-15 August 2021 survey period. In the latest survey period found that vaccine acceptance in the 15-59 years old was higher than the 60 years old and above group of 73.0% and 61.0%, respectively. Correlation analysis revealed positive correlation between higher risk perception and vaccine willingness of adjusted OR 3.45 (95% CI 3.38-3.53, p value < 0.001). Infodemic data revealed that public still misperceive about vaccine management system and some may still misunderstood about vaccine effectiveness. However, around 70% of the respondents reported that information from media has no effect on their decisions.
Conclusion The public still compliant with personal protective behaviours, especially when the epidemic has not subside. Willingness to vaccinate was influent by media at some level, however, the most affected factor was own risk perception. Therefore, the government shall monitor and control the infodemic situation and establish vaccine literacy with social measures concurrently